Whom is used for formal English
It’s easy to confuse although and however because they’re both used to show a contrast between ideas.
Although is used to start a dependent clause (DC).
However is used to link two independent clauses (IC) that have a full stop between them.
In general, though is used more frequently than although especially in spoken English. They convey the same meaning but although is thought of as a more formal choice. In spoken English, we can use though with the word “thanks” to show gratitude when rejecting an offer or when an action is no longer necessary.
We can use different words and phrases to highlight a contrast between two parts of a sentence. Some of these words and phrases are:
although, even though, despite, in spite of, however and but.
These conjunctions are used at the beginning of a clause. They introduce a contrast between two ideas, sentences or clauses.
They have similar meanings and are used in the same way. Even though highlights the contrast more strongly than although.
These are prepositions and are followed by nouns or noun phrases. They can’t be followed directly by a verb phrase. If a verb is used it must be changed to the noun form (gerund).
A verb phrase can be used with these expressions by adding the fact after the preposition.
However is an adverb. It comes after the part of the sentence that is being contrasted. It can go in different parts of the clause.
This is a conjunction that links two parts of a sentence together. It goes before the clause that has the contrast.
Take note: Though and although
Though is a shortened form of although. Notice though that although we say even though, we don’t say even although.
It is not a mistake to use however at the beginning of sentence. However, some people feel that is. If you want to avoid it, use a semi-colon after the first clause rather than a full-stop.
*Answers: 1) Arguments for:
– Clean energy — no harmful chemicals or pollutants involved/produced.
– Will never run out.
– Doesn’t destroy habitats as other power generation means do.
– Essentially free/any associated costs falling.
2) Arguments against:
– Turbines dangerous to wildlife, especially birds.
– Require large area of open land — may lead to cutting down of trees.
– Supply of wind not consistent — turbines operating at 30% capacity.
– Bad weather can damage turbines.
*Answers: 1) Advantages:
-Better for environment
– contribute less to greenhouse effect.
-Don’t use fossil fuels which are in limited supply.
-Smooth acceleration, quiet motors.
-Heavier cars may cause less accidents.
-Batteries needed to be recharged frequently.
-Weight and size of the car battery, car will be slower.
-Batteries can cause explosions.
-You can’t hear the car engine/ quiet motor
– May cause accidents/ be unsafe.
1. Can’t see stars/ difficult for amateur astronomers!.
2. The circadian rhythm is disrupted by artificial light.
3. Stress and ill health in animals and possibly humans.
4. Disrupts sleep/ impairs melatonin production.
5. May increase cancer risk.
6. Plants blooming/producing fruit affected.
7. Migration/ hatching of birds affected.
8. Energy loss/ carbon dioxide production.
9. It´s too expensive for economy.
* Some possible solutions :
-More senses of turn lights on.
-More sensors to turn light on/off.
-Lights with lower intensity.